The National Health Leadership Conference is held annually and is jointly hosted by health leaders and the healthcare association. The conference is the largest of its kind and is attended by major decision makers that include chief executive officers, managers, and other leaders in the health sector. Representatives from community organizations, mental health institutions and social services unit are also invited as well.
Themes are changed this year and usually focused on specific healthcare goals. The current year’s theme is directed towards patient-centered healthcare and aims to identify concrete steps that can be taken towards that goal.
Different healthcare system models are implemented all over the world and one of the questions that comes to mind is which among them is the most effective. Canada’s health care system, for instance, is founded on the belief that every citizen should be entitled to free medical service. And while the intention is noble, its implementation can be very challenging because of the financial implications. Under the national plan, there are health services that are fully covered while some, tagged as supplementary are not included in the plan.
The cost of benefits like dental care and medicines are left for the account of the patient. Most choose to have additional insurance coverage for these services.
Working in a hospital or a medical facility is a very demanding job that requires a great deal of standing and walking throughout the day. Therefore, it is very important that workers have very comfortable hospital shoes so that they can focus on the needs of the patients. Finding the right ones can be a challenge because you don’t always know just by looking at them how good they will be. If you work in a medical facility, here are some guidelines to help you select the proper pair of shoes.
First of all, buy well padded with good arch support with slip resistant and look for shoes that are specifically designed for working in hospital environment such as Dansko XP, Crocs, Nurse Mates, and Mozo Etc. They will prevent your feet from injuries, which can happen due to spillage of body fluids or due to sharp instruments dropping.
Even if you have a position where you don’t wear scrubs, you do not want to make the mistake of trying to wear dressier shoes for work. Generally, this will fall into the guidelines set by the facility. However, even if it is not, you should avoid high heels ( less than 2 inches heals are recommended) and open-toed shoes. Neither is designed for long hours of standing and walking. Not only will you experience a great deal of discomfort, in the case of an emergency, these types of shoes will slow you down.
If you do not have to wear scrubs, you can find comfortable hospital shoes that will look nice with your regular clothing. Check the OSHA website to find out the different types of stylish shoes that will still be in compliance with their guidelines. This is to best protect you and the facility for which you work.
If you do wear scrubs, you do not need to worry as much about style. You can focus your attention on getting quality shoes that will keep you going throughout the day. One of the most important considerations is that you have good arch support. The old fashioned shoes that nurses have worn for decades are classically designed for arch support. Additionally, these are more breathable than some other types of shoes. That will help to wick away moisture that may otherwise accumulate throughout the day.
If your job requires that you alternate between standing and sitting, you may wish to purchase shoes that are easy to remove and put back on. Avoid laces if possible. By doing this, you can slip your shoes off when you are sitting at a computer entering information or during your breaks. Not only will this allow your feet to breathe a little bit, you will also have the opportunity to stretch your lower leg muscles which otherwise may become cramped after a long shift. You can also wiggle your toes and rotate your ankles to provide even better comfort.
You may also wish to consider the weight of your shoes. Lightweight shoes will put less stress on your legs as you walk.
You will also want to consider affordability as you are looking for the right shoes. You may even desire to get two pairs of shoes that you may alternate between wearing. This will give each pair the opportunity to dry thoroughly between wearings. The shoes will last longer and be more comfortable this way.
Another consideration when you are buying comfortable hospital shoes is what will be between them and your feet. You will find that cheap socks will make your shoes less comfortable. Look for socks that are made to be durable and will also wick the moisture away from your feet. While it may seem like an unnecessary expense, if your socks and shoes both wick the moisture away from your feet, you will notice that you are more comfortable at the end of the work day.
Working in medical facilities is a challenging and rewarding experience. To make the most of each workday, you need to be certain that you are comfortable throughout the day. Using these guidelines to find the right socks and shoes is a step in the right direction. If you follow these tips, you will be more able to give the patients your full attention.
A few years ago, in 2010, Susan Spencer Conklin came up with a brilliant idea. A computer networker for 20 years who also sews for a hobby, she was able to think of a way to put dressmaking and her knowledge on computers together, and make it super beneficial to the fashion community, especially small label designers, fashion retailers and fashion schools.
Her idea was to use open source tools to make patterns for clothing. It allows up-and-coming designers to express more creativity with their designs, in terms of pattern making, while spending a lot less. At her husband's friend's suggestion, Conklin sent in an application to LibreGraphicsMeeting so she could be able to present her concept to the many participants gathering at their annual convention in Brussels that May. Her presentation was able to catch the attention of many interested parties. She even landed an interview with Linux Magazine, and this was what she had to share:
"Upon retirement, I decided to sew again, and realized that I wanted more creativity than I had used when I made all my clothes from patterns. Being an old person at this point, I knew I needed help. I looked at the available options and nothing met my needs. I began reading about pattern making, and realized the old ways were incredibly powerful and encouraged creativity, but I didn’t want to bend over a cutting table all the time. So I started talking to my husband about writing a program to perform the manual calculations to make patterns."
Conklin also explained that she was inspired by the fact that programmers, web developers and graphic designers would use open source tools when creating different projects. So if those kind of resources are made available to these individuals, why not make it available to the fashion community as well? By getting their hands on such tools,the garments designers produce can be customized to each of their client's exact measurements, leading to satisfied customers. As for fashion institutions, they would be able to avoid paying for multiple software licenses and their students get to have the opportunity to be part of the open source community.
As to what she has been up to since her presentation in Brussels, she exclaimed, “At the moment, I’m creating Python scripts by hand. Each pattern is developed on top of a grid created in Inkscape using client data. I recently developed a procedure to generate the control points that an individual curve requires so that I don’t have to manually calculate them. Yay!
The goal is to create a program suite with a GUI for the designer and a GUI for the client, for the clients who meet with the designer. I would also like to create a web site version, which would allow designers to post their patterns, and for clients to log in, enter data, buy patterns, etc. I envision the designer GUI to be similar to Inkscape’s GUI.”
When it comes to dental work, two things are almost assured;
1) The patient is probably going to be feeling anxious upon arrival due to the general mature of dental work and apprehension that usually sets in.
2) the cost is going to be significant. Dental work pays (dentists that is) big time.
Let’s look at two examples to highlight the need for better funding and resources to be placed into the dental field.
1. One Bonding & Veneers
This procedure is used to make the teeth appearance more appealing. The plates are put on the front side of the teeth tooth, and bonding applied to a lower segment of the tooth. The bonding changes the appearance of the teeth changing their color, spacing, shape, or angles. Your dentist can repair teeth that are broken, chipped, cracked or there were gaps between them, or have changed color.
The Bonding Procedure:
The dentist puts a matrix in-between the tooth that it is being treated and the adjacent one. This matrix is a thin plastic film protects the teeth have another composite street.
The dentist will make the tooth rough by administering mild chemicals on the tooth. This allows the composite to stick or adhere to the tooth enamel. Composite resin does not match the color of natural tooth is chosen so does the union is mixed with the teeth. Your dentist places the composite tooth layer. A beam of light is used for hardening the layers of the composite.
After the layer is cured, composite load the dentist will shape and polish the tooth to give shape of your liking. Upon checkups the dentist looks at the union and polish if necessary. Over time, the joint may wear out and your dentist can twist as composite resin bonding.
Porcelain veneers cost between $900-$2,500 per tooth and last from 10 to 15 years or more.
2. Crowns – Restoring Damaged Teeth
The crowns are mostly used to repair damaged but not lost teeth in order to make these teeth regain their shape and appearances. You may also require a crown if you have a root canal, or a large filling in a tooth, perhaps even a broken tooth. A crown is also known as a cap, is a hollow artificial tooth used to cover a damaged or decayed tooth.
The crown restores the tooth and protects against further damage. Crowns are also used to cover discolored or deformed teeth. When a crown it looks and works very much like a natural tooth replace a tooth. The cost of a single dental crown in USA can be anywhere between $800-$1,200.
Getting fit is as much about finding the time to exercise as it is actually making the decision in the first place. Between work commitments, family commitments, maintaining a social life and general everyday living, it is hard to keep up with a fitness regime. Throw in a trip away and you have a recipe for fitness disaster!
Never fear though, getting fit and staying fit is simple, even whilst travelling, with this simple fitness workout that has bee provided to us by the team at www.GymsGuide.com.au! If you are ever down under, it would pay to have a look through their site for local gyms or personal trainers that they highlight on their gyms and fitness trainer reviews website.
Now, for the workout plan!
HOTEL ROOM WORKOUT:
For those people who travel and can’t get access to a gym while they are away, here is a workout that can be performed in your hotel room for 30 minutes. Which means you can get in a workout everyday!
All over Body exercises – Perform 5 x 20reps of each exercise…
- Pushups: Vary between normal, wide, narrow & tricep pushups.
- Tricep Dips: Use a chair or the edge of a bed.
- Bicep Curls: Can be performed with DBs a Theraband or anything you can find. Vary between normal, hammers & alternating Bicep curls.
- Squats: Vary between normal, narrow & sumo squats.
- Burpees: Chest to floor. Either perform with a jumping or stepping action.
Abdominals – perform 50 reps of each exercise…
- Crunches: Flat on floor, can add weight on chest to add difficulty.
- Straight leg Crunches: One leg straight and raised just off floor, and the other leg bent with knee to roof and foot on floor. Perform on each side.
- Oblique Abs: Place left heel on right knee, sit up and across so that right elbow goes towards left knee. Perform on each side.
- Heel taps: Lying flat on your back on the floor, shoulders slightly raised, gently reach left arm to left heel and then right arm to right heel.
- Reverse Abs: Back flat on floor, legs raised in the air, gently lift heels to ceiling with head remaining on the floor and then back down to as close as you can get to the floor before you feel your back start to arch off the ground.
The above information is general in nature. As usual, you should consult a medical practitioner before embarking on any fitness program.
Emergency Medical Technicians do a great service for people. They are usually the first ones to respond to an emergency phone call and they are often the ones that save lives. Many people choose to enter this industry because helping people and saving lives can be very personally rewarding. The job is not compensated very well, but people don’t become EMT’s for the money. Becoming an EMT is also a great way to break into the medical field quickly. Within a matter of two year you can go from nothing to being employed as a full time EMT. This article will go over some of the risks and concerns EMT’s and those who are in the process of becoming EMT’s have to deal with.
Savings lives and giving people emergency medical attention is not just something anyone can do. It’s something you have to learn. People in dangerous situations are going to depend on the training of an EMT to save their life. When you are studying as an EMT think about the difference you can make with the more knowledge you have. This goes for current EMT’s as well. The more you know the more likely you are to save lives in a pinch.
EMT’s need to ability to think on their feet and act quickly. For example, lets say you come across a car accident and the driver of a car is choking. You will have to not only remember how to treat them, but you will also have to act very quickly. A person choking is not going to have too long for you to remember your school studies. Although this position is not paid very well and it is often considered the bottom of the totem pole in the medical field, you shouldn’t let this get you down. Saving a life is priceless. Plus as stated earlier if you want to move up in the medical profession then getting your education and experience is a great place to start.
As stated before there are going to be some risks with this job. Being the first one on a scene of an accident is not always the safest place to be. You will often be dealing with fires, trauma, and other dangerous situations. Do not let this discourage you. Just remember your training and make smart decisions. The first time you save someones life it will feel amazing. Don’t get caught up in all the pressures of being an EMT.
So you can the EMT career can be very exciting and super rewarding. Just remember to study hard and stay in good shape. Learn more about how to become an EMT here
For those interested in phlebotomy training, it’s important to note how much healthcare jobs are needed these days. Hospitals are especially short staffed, and expect to be understaffed for years.
Recent studies have shown that hospitals face two serious problems: understaffing and staff fatigue. These issues need to be addressed carefully. The studies show that these issues have a direct effect on the quality of care a hospital provides, which causes patient and employee satisfaction to decrease.
In addition, it affects the hospital’s bottom line. Hospitals with understaffed and fatigued employees face higher operational costs. Don’t let understaffing fool you. Just because there’s less employees to pay doesn’t mean there’s less expenses. Not only do hospitals have to pay overtime rates(which are often 1.5x normal), but they also face the costs of employee mistakes from fatigued workers.
There was a study, published nationally by JAMA-Pediatrics that covered issues surrounding neonatal intensive care units, also known as NICUs. The research discovered provided the few units provided enough staffing given the number of patients in need of care. Especially in the NICU, this leaves very vulnerable infants at risk. It is imperative that vulnerable newborns do not face any risks, especially when they are critically ill.
This problem could’ve been avoided had the understaffed hospitals followed simple operational principles: namely nursing-staff ratios. It is estimated that in a NICU, a nurse-to-patient ratio for one to four infants is best. In other words, if one nurse has to care for more than four infants, this leaves the nurse at potential for fatigue and mistakes. This understaffing will lead to critical problems. Especially in a unit which needs such detailed care and attention, like the NICU. Complex cases commonly arise in this unit, and a nurse needs to be at her best capacity to properly serve their patients.
The studies found disturbing figures. Understaffing is actually widespread. It was found that nearly one third of NICUs are not staffed at proper nursing to patient ratios. Even more surprising was that more complex and vulnerable were understaffed at even higher rates.
One primary concern of understaffing is the damage to the patients. It has been found that more understaffed hospitals also lead to higher incidents of infection. This is especially risky for infants. Premature infants are especially more vulnerable to an infection because they still have weaker and underdeveloped immune systems.
One of the recommended options is to start to look at the staff on an operational basis. Certain units requires certain amounts of staffing and it is very likely that some units are understaffed while others are overstaffed. It is recommended that hospitals follow the nationally recommended staffing ratios, and to use them as their guidelines as they appropriate their staffing to different departments. This way, staffing is divided into the most economically efficient units for the hospital, and both patients and staff will not suffer from the symptoms of understaffing, fatigue, and potential patient risk.
This will keep the nurses from exhaustion and also make sure that the patients receive the proper care that they need.
Concerns are mounting over the long waits people have in the emergency rooms in Canadian hospitals before they get treated. Data published by the Canadian Institute for Health Information at the end of 2012 reveal that the average wait is more than four hours, making wait times in Canada among the worst in the world.
In many hospitals, the wait time is considerably longer than the national average. According to the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long Term Care, the average wait time in Hamilton General Hospital for complex medical conditions is 7.3 hours.
Effects on Patients
Having to wait several hours to be seen by medical staff is very stressful for all patients. By definition, many of the people who are brought in to Emergency Rooms are in need of urgent treatment. Failure to deal with their problems quickly leads to increased anxiety.
Patients do not receive even the most basic level of care while waiting. A woman from Dundas tells how her son was admitted with acute appendicitis, but had to wait 14 hours before he was seen. He was in severe pain, but received no pain relief. Situations like this are extremely disturbing for patients and their families.
Patients can feel degraded when they are left on trolleys in hallways and corridors. Clearly, there is no privacy in such places, something that many patients find distressful. Another problem is that some patients get fed up waiting and leave the emergency room before they have been seen. This can have very serious consequences.
Delays in receiving treatment may lead to longer recovery times, with a subsequent extra drain on resources. For example, the Dundas patient mentioned above spent a full week in intensive care after finally having had his appendicitis operation. Had he been treated on arrival at the hospital, it is almost certain the outcome would have been more positive.
Delayed treatment can result in poorer quality of life after a medical event. A reduction in the level of permanent brain damage is often seen where stroke victims receive medical treatment as soon as possible. Permanent paralysis is more likely to occur where no treatment is received, or where treatment is delayed.
Poor emergency room service leads to a lack of confidence in the health services. The results of a survey conducted by EKOS Research Associates, published in March 2013, show that emergency room delays were identified by the majority of participants as their biggest concern.
Reasons for Delays
There are several factors which result in delays in receiving treatment. One of the biggest is shortage of acute bed spaces. This shortage has been created by cuts to hospital resources in general. More than 60,000 beds have been taken out since 1988. Secondly, a significant number of patients occupying acute beds are not there for medical reasons, but only because there are no non-acute beds available for them. Shortage of beds has a knock-on effect in the emergency room.
Outdated management practices are another big factor. Delivering emergency care requires a high level of efficient communication and cooperation. When procedures are not in place to facilitate this, the level of service deteriorates.
Delays in emergency rooms are now at crisis level. Urgent action is needed to implement system improvements. Simply privatizing health care is unlikely to be enough. The health authorities will need to come up wait a range of strategies to deal with this problem.
Just like other world populations around the globe, Canada is trying to find ways to deal with the steadily increasing rise of diabetes. According to the CCDSS (Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance Systems), around 2.4 million Canadians were diagnosed with diabetes in 2008/2009. Around 90 to 95 percent of this population had type two diabetes and 5 to 10 percent had type one. This equates to about 6.8 percent of the Canadian population suffering from diabetes. When this information is broken even more, this means that one out of eleven adult Canadians over the age of twenty suffer from diabetes.
When these numbers are put into further perspective, this means that the growth of diabetes in Canada is steadily rising. Back in 1998/1999, only 3.3 percent of the Canadian population was diagnosed with diabetes. However, if these numbers continue at these levels, it is projected that 3.7 million Canadians will be diagnosed with diabetes by the year 2018.
Type one diabetes normally attacks people when they are age forty or younger. This is why it is called juvenile diabetes. A person suffering from this type of diabetes needs an independent source of insulin because the body attacks the sections of the pancreas that produce insulin. With type two diabetes, the body either does not produce enough insulin or does not properly use the insulin that it produces. This form of diabetes is very common among Canadians who are obese or do not get enough exercise.
But as people grow older, the body has a harder time producing insulin, which explains why a majority of people are diagnosed with diabetes once they are older than forty years of age. Most of the Canadian population that was diagnosed with diabetes during 2008 and 2009 were between the ages of 25 and 64.
These rising rates of diabetes result in a large portion of the Canadian population having to live with the complications of diabetes. These are complications such as high blood pressure, kidney failure, blindness and nerve damage. Basically, these are all things that affect the quality of life. A lot of people, in error, might think that they are conditions that are normally associated with an elderly group of people. However, keep in mind that many Canadians who suffer with diabetes are between the ages of 25 and 64. A large portion of this group could never be considered elderly. But this does mean that a large portion of this group starts to see a reduction in their quality of life at a much younger age.
There are other types of indirect complications of diabetes as well. Think about how much diabetes cost the Canadian government and healthcare system. It results in people having to go to the hospital more. More work age people have to take off from work more frequently in order to attend physician visits. These are all things that negatively impact Canadian society as a whole.
What can be done about it? The Canadian Diabetes Association publishes guidelines that help diabetes sufferers to management their condition. It advises them to embrace a lifestyle that is filled with exercise and healthier diets. It also advises against smoking. These are all things that can help to either prevent or at least slow down the negative impact that diabetes can directly have on the body. It can also help to indirectly improve the strength and health of the Canadian population.
Diabetes is greatly impacting the Canadian population. It is expected to steadily increase as time goes by. It is advised that to reverse the effect of diabetes, one should be willing to make major lifestyle changes. Individual improvements will also improve society as well.
The prevention and management of chronic diseases can improve the sustainability of Canada’s healthcare system. Getting people actively involved in health initiatives and decreased treatment expenditure will affect both healthcare and the national budget.
Achieving better outcomes in the case of chronic diseases like diabetes, however, will demand a number of large-scale initiatives and awareness programs.
Chronic Disease in Canada: Overview
According to 2005 statistics, chronic diseases account for 89 percent of all the death cases in Canada.
The World Health Organization (WHO) predicted in 2005 that over the coming 10 years, more than two million Canadians will die from chronic diseases. The overall occurrence of chronic conditions will increase by 14 percent and the occurrence of diabetes is expected to grow by 44 percent.
Obesity and poor lifestyle choices are the two most common causes of chronic diseases in Canada. WHO statistics show that by 2015, 73 percent of the men and 68 percent of the women in Canada will be overweight, thus more likely to suffer from chronic diseases.
The Economic and Healthcare Impact of Chronic Diseases
In 2005, the Canadian budget was burdened by 500 million dollars due to premature deaths caused by diabetes and heart disease. The losses are expected to keep on increasing as chronic diseases become more prevalent.
Awareness campaigns could have serious impact on society. Healthy diet, exercise and overcoming habits like smoking or drinking alcohol could decrease premature deaths caused by chronic diseases by nearly 80 percent.
These lifestyle changes will also lead to a 40 percent reduction in the rate of deaths caused by cancer.
Canada’s government has already recognized the importance of chronic disease reduction for the more efficient functioning of the healthcare system. Each year, the government launches numerous initiatives and awareness campaigns to promote healthier living.
What is the Government Doing?
New policies and information systems will ultimately lead to active communities, informed citizens and more aware medical teams. Education, counseling, easy access to information and the stimulation of regular medical checkups will all reduce the occurrence of chronic diseases.
In 2011, the government introduced the Healthy Living Tax Incentive to help families cover the cost of recreational and sport activities. The Canadian Tobacco Control Strategy has already led to reduced lung and cardiovascular disease occurrence. There are many programs that target the health of children – Canada Prenatal Nutrition Program, Community Action Program for Children and the Aboriginal Head Start in Urban and Northern Communities program.
Additionally, awareness campaigns are launched on an annual basis. The Canadian Heart Strategy, National Lung Framework and the Canadian Diabetes Strategy were all launched to increase awareness and promote the introduction of healthy lifestyle changes.
To stimulate the reduction of chronic diseases even further, the government is expected to work with provinces on the promotion of healthy living, support research for better healthcare outcomes, develop national practices for the reduction of chronic diseases and encourage action in sectors other than healthcare to generate sustainable results. Education, agriculture and the transportation sector should all be engaged in the process of managing, treating and reducing the occurrence of chronic diseases in Canada.
Staff shortages are continuously affecting the quality of healthcare in Canada. Problems with recruiting nurses are most prominent but finding other medical workers for the vacant positions has been an issue, as well. These recruitment issues are expected to continue affecting Canadian healthcare in the years to come.
A Few Facts and Figures The problem is most prominent in the rural regions, since most graduates are looking for jobs in the big cities. The nursing shortage is very prominent on both regional and national level.
According to 2012 statistics, there were 36,357 practicing physicians in Canadian hospitals but the number of doctors needed was 37,908. There was a shortage of 1551 physicians in 2012 and this shortage is expected to become even more serious in the future.
In order to compensate for the retiring nurses, Canada will need 41,314 nursing students. Nursing schools, however, only have places for 12,000 students per academic year. Hiring foreign medical professionals appears to be the only viable solution at present.
Reasons for Medical Staff Shortages In the 1990s, the government introduced cutbacks in the enrollment of physician and nursing students, since there were beliefs that the number of medical students was sufficient.
Federal funding cuts for medical education programs were also accepted.
As the Canadian population started aging, the doctors were forced to deal with a bigger number of patients. The workload intensified but the number of medical professionals remained insufficient to provide adequate service to all of the patients.
Statistics show that medical professionals are also aging. The average age of a physician is 50 and the nurses are five years older than the national workforce average. These statistics lead to some troublesome conclusions about Canada’s need for more and younger healthcare professionals.
How is the Government Dealing with the Medical Staff Shortages?
The shortage of medical workers is costly for the Canadian government and it leads to critical errors in patient treatment. As a result, the government is forced to come up with a solution quickly.
Since 2010, there has been a slight increase in the number of practicing nurses, according to a report by the Canadian Institute for Health Information. There was a 10-year high in the enrollment of nursing students but the predicted shortage is expected to reach 60,000 registered nurses by 2022.
The government is currently investing in new nursing jobs. The investment was for 900 jobs in 2009 and 2010. Many hospital professionals, however, believe that the government is not doing all that it can in order to retain the nurses.
The global medical staff shortage is making many Canadian nurses and doctors go abroad, where they find better working conditions. The government’s top priority should be offering more lucrative job options that will keep Canadian medical professionals inside the country.
According to a report by the Canadian Nurses Association, the shortage could be overcome through reducing registered nursing annual absenteeism, improving the retention of practicing nurses, reducing international immigration through more lucrative job offers and reducing attrition rates in entry-to-practice programs.
The Canadian Nurses Association also suggest that the government should work closely with hospitals and unions on enhancing productivity, improving the workplace and increase enrollment in medical programs.
Throughout our lives, we have been told that using antibiotics to combat certain conditions is the way to go, but what happens when that is simply not enough? Superbugs have been popping up en masse for years now, and they are creating a serious problem. What is a superbug exactly? There are a few different examples, and at the core of the problem, you have a bacteria that has become immune to antibiotics, or any other form of treatment.
One of the most well-known superbugs is Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA), as well as the flesh eating bug that has been known to claim both arms and legs from individuals who manage to catch it in time. The problem however, is that even catching it in time might not be enough. For the most part, individuals infected with either of these bacteria will die within a very short period of time, making it a serious threat in a hospital setting.
Not all individuals who carry MRSA are infected. As with any infection, there are carriers, and then there are the infected. Unfortunately, about a third of the individuals who carry MRSA will become infected, and 20 to 40 percent will die. Those who carry the bug can easily spread it to others in a hospital setting, particularly to those who suffer from a weakened immune system. The question now is how do we stop it from happening.
To stop super bugs from spreading, we need to understand how they form in the first place, and it is strongly believed that the abuse of antibiotics is at fault. Bacteria are a life form like any other, and when they face obstacles, they will simply adapt — as they should. People tend to take antibiotics for virtually any reason with or without a prescription, and this causes the body to develop an antibiotic resistance. This in turn helps to develop superbugs — infections that are completely immune to antibiotic treatment.
So the question now is how do we go about stopping the spread of MRSA and other superbugs? How do we keep the general population safe? Unfortunately, there is no way to stop the superbugs outright, but it seems that one of the best methods of stopping the spread is to quarantine the patient and limit his or her access to visitors. Through this, a hospital will be able to ensure that the individual does not spread the infection to other patients, and through certain precautions, doctors will be kept safe as well.
Superbugs are a serious problem in Canadian hospitals. When an individual enters a hospital, they expect to be healed, but they run the risk of death simply by stepping through the doors. It sounds a bit harsh, but this is the grim reality of the situation. Hospitals must learn to take better precautions, and pharmacies must keep a better handle on their antibiotics. There are many other ways for the patient to obtain antibiotics, however. For example, they might visit a pet store and obtain the fish version of the drug, which can be dosed properly with the right research. If we are to truly take control of the superbugs, we must treat antibiotics as narcotics and require a prescription regardless of the situation. In addition, leftover antibiotics should be seized, at least until a real solution can be discovered.
The lack of organization and good managerial practices in hospitals rank among the most important Canadian healthcare problems. Leadership development is the only way to introduce efficiency and sound economic practices at all levels of the healthcare system.
Disorganization leads to misdiagnosis of patients and poor management of hospital practices, a National Post article reported. The author spent a week in the different departments of Ottawa Hospital, one of the biggest medical and teaching facilities in the country. Despite the professionalism of the medical staff working there, poor organization led to the loss of resources and the inefficient treatment of patients.
Medicine evolved tremendously over the past 200 years. Prior to the centralization of medical services, physicians used to visit and treat patients at home. During the 20th century, the hospital became the center of the healthcare system and it has been such ever since.
This centralization is now leading to problems due to aging populations in the Western world and significant treatment expenditure.
According to a 2013 report by UBC Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, the main problems that the Canadian healthcare system has to deal with include over-reliance on hospital care for patients, poor coordination, fragmentation and poor effectiveness accountability.
The costs of national healthcare coverage in Canada are rising. Because of this new trend, the government is struggling to introduce reforms and to make hospital functioning more efficient. Practices like preventive medicine and out of hospital treatment are becoming the key to successful hospital operations, McGill Journal of Medicine reported.
Still, hospitals are the key healthcare unit in Canada and because they will continue being vitally important, better leadership has become necessary. Management of healthcare practices has gotten very complex and doctors need a new management model, in order to be capable of delivering modern and satisfactory patient treatment.
According to a report developed by researchers from University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, Université de Montréal and St. Mary Hospital in Montréal, physician leadership and active involvement in hospital management can lead to serious reforms and advances in the healthcare sector.
Physician engagement in leadership structures, however, has to be stimulated through the creation of physician compacts, through leadership training and through the creation of mixed leadership teams.
Despite such initiatives, there is still a huge gap between the managerial body and the teams responsible for patient treatment. As a result, poor organization and low efficiency of the treatment process jeopardize the health of patients and lead to chaotic practices. Many patients that could have received out-of-hospital treatment are actually hospitalized because of such poor practices. These managerial and communication issues lead to the waste of resources, which aggravates the problem even further.
The government holds hospital managers accountable for the increasing healthcare expenditure. The lack of good leadership leads to a vicious circle that fuels itself and leads to even bigger chaos.
Outdated models have survived, despite the critical need for leadership development in Canadian hospitals. The development of individual leaders, who are also medical professionals, is yet to take place. Training healthcare staff in the area of leadership and allowing professionals to join managerial teams can significantly reduce hospital inefficiency, the poorly coordinated expenditure and the mediocre treatment of patients.
Quality control has become an essential piece of the Canadian healthcare system. Often referred to as accreditation, this is the evaluation process that has been put in place to ensure that health care organizations are working efficiently, effectively and ensuring that problems are handled that impact the quality of care patients receive. With everything from the standard of care to the quality of the medication that is being prescribed and used by the patient, it is critical the government has a solid quality control system in place.
When a facility becomes accredited, they are known to have passed the national quality standards that are required. This is done with the organization going through a series of clinical performance tests and self-assessments. Often, a peer surveyor will come out and will review clinical data and documentation and ensure it is accurate. Their findings are then included in the accreditation record and a notification will be provided on whether or not the organization is qualified to provide Canadian healthcare.
Each health care organization will be required to meet the standards to ensure proper accreditation. These requirements continue to be revised annually, to ensure that the best medical practices are always used. The goal is to ensure that all medical facilities in Canada offer the highest quality care, while operating in the safest possible environment. This proactive approach to standards is the result of the lawsuit More v. Bauer Nike Hockey Inc., 2010. By staying ahead of the trend, there is no longer a concern for lawsuits or violations of a patient’s rights or safety.
As part of the quality control process, surveys are also provided to the previous clients of the facility. This is done at undisclosed times, to ensure that an accurate representation of provider services is provided. At the same time, unannounced surveys are also done, to ensure the best data possible is being used. Depending on the circumstances in place, the survey done may be as simple as reviewing previous patient charts and files to ensure they are accurate and the best care was provided. If active care is being reviewed, medical staff may follow around certain professionals to ensure that care is meeting and exceeding the set standards.
In Canada, the need for accreditation continues to grow. Currently, only certain areas of Canada are government required to provide accreditation. This includes Quebec, Alberta and a number of other providences. Areas like Ontario are pushing for it now, as it provides the most effective form of quality control possible for residents of Canada. This will eventually lead to a more consistent system, as the standard of care remains more universal in the process. That means patients can have some peace of mind in the care they are receiving.
Our modern world requires we do more to ensure that our medical system remains consistent. The importance of ensuring the healthcare community remains fiscally responsibility while being accountable for their actions is still there. Since accreditation can provide the necessary elements to ensure a system that is safe for patients, while providing risk mitigation, the healthcare system cannot afford to not have it in place. This is why more government entities, policy makers and those in health care leadership continue to recommend this practice for quality control.